Pacific Cancer Programs

Key Cancer Publications

You will find a number of key cancer related publications from a variety of organizations and publishers in this section. The documents are extremely useful, directly downloadable from this site and are free of charge for use by health professionals, policy makers, the media and the general public to promote cancer prevention. These publications are readily accessed and will make a valuable contribute in cancer prevention and control in the Pacific region.

1. Cancer Prevention and Planning Resources

Controlling Cancer in Developing Countries: Cancer imposes a major disease burden worldwide, with considerable variation among countries and regions. Cancers associated with bacterial or viral infections, such as cervical, liver, and stomach cancer, make up a larger share of total cases in developing than in developed countries. Lung, colorectal, breast, and prostate cancers, on the other hand, appear at higher rates in developed countries because they are related to tobacco use, diet, and carcinogens in the workplace. These cancers are becoming more common in developing countries as people increasingly adopt the living habits of wealthier nations, especially smoking. Unless screening and prevention can reduce the incidence of cancer, the number of new cases is projected to increase from 10 million in 2000 to 15 million in 2020; 9 million would be in developing countries.

  • April 2007, Disease Control Priorities Project. 4 pages. (pdf 340KB)

Making Health Communication Programs Work (Pink Book): The planning steps in this book can help make any communication program work, regardless of size, topic, geographic span, intended audience, or budget. (Intended audience is the term this book uses to convey what other publications may refer to as a target audience.) The key is reading all the steps and adapting those relevant to your program at a level of effort appropriate to the program's scope. The tips and sidebars throughout the book suggest ways to tailor the process to your various communication needs.

  • U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), Public Health Service, National Institutes of Health (NIH), National Cancer Institute (NCI). 262 pages. (pdf 1.5MB)

Guidance for Comprehensive Cancer Control Planning - Volume 1: Guidelines: This document presents guidelines for developing a Comprehensive Cancer Control (CCC) plan that can be implemented and evaluated. The information contained in this document is based on the experiences of several states that undertook a Comprehensive Cancer Control planning process in recent years.

  • Division of Cancer Prevention and Control, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention 2002. 131 pages. (pdf 1MB)

Guide to Clinical Preventive Services: The Guide to Clinical Preventive Services includes U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommendations on screening, counseling, and preventive medication topics and includes clinical considerations for each topic. This new pocket guide provides general practitioners, internists, family practitioners, pediatricians, nurses, and nurse practitioners with an authoritative source for making decisions about preventive services.

Cancer Control PLANET: Cancer control planners, program staff, and researchers have the same goals: to reduce cancer risk, the number of new cancer cases, and the number of deaths from cancer, as well as enhance the quality of life for cancer survivors. While many share the same goals, not everyone has easy access to resources that can facilitate the transfer of evidence-based research findings into practice. This Cancer Control P.L.A.N.E.T. portal provides access to data and resources that can help planners, program staff, and researchers to design, implement and evaluate evidence-based cancer control programs.

NCD Agenda 2030: World leaders formally adopted the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development at the United Nations in New York. These 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and 169 targets will drive efforts to end extreme poverty, fight inequality and injustice, improve health and wellbeing, and protect our planet over the next fifteen years. For the first time, NCDs are included in these goals as a sustainable development priority for all countries.

A two page version of the NCD Agenda 2030 is available to download, by clicking >HERE<.

2. World Health Organization (WHO) Cancer Information

Fight Against Cancer: Strategies that Prevent, Cure and Care:  The World Health Organization’s own Member States form the basis of the Global Action Plan Against Cancer. However, WHO and its Member States still face great challenges to defeat the global burden of cancer. Greater investment in prevention, cure and care, closer collaboration with international partners and stronger determination to defeat cancer are needed to fuel what must be a continuous, sustainable campaign. Cancer is the world’s second biggest killer after cardiovascular disease, but one of the most preventable non-communicable chronic diseases. Up to 40% of all cancer deaths can be avoided by reducing tobacco use, improving diets and physical activity, lowering alcohol consumption, eliminating workplace carcinogens and immunizing against hepatitis B virus and the human papillomavirus. WHO’s strategies and policy guidelines help governments in all countries to improve population health standards.

  • World Health Organization (WHO) 2007, 28 pages. (pdf 2.5MB)

Global Action Plan Against Cancer: Combines the organization's existing strengths and strategies to increase its capacity to face this global public health problem. It provides guidance to governments, health providers and other stakeholders on how to prevent and cure this chronic disease, as well as care for those for whom palliation is the only option.

Cancer affects everyone - the young and old, the rich and poor, men, women and children - and represents a tremendous burden on patients, families and societies. Cancer is one of the leading causes of death in the world, particularly in developing countries. Yet, many of these deaths can be avoided. Over 40% of all cancers can be prevented. Others can be detected early, treated and cured. Even with late stage cancer, the suffering of patients can be relieved with good palliative care.

Guide for Effective Programs - Cancer Control: Knowledge into Action: WHO has developed a series of six modules that provides practical advice for programs managers and policy-makers on how to advocate, plan and implement effective cancer control programs, particularly in low and middle income countries.

  • Planning: How to plan overall cancer control effectively, according to available resources and integrating cancer control with programs for other chronic diseases and related problems. 2006, 51 pages. (pdf 1.2MB)
  • Prevention: How to implement effective cancer prevention by controlling major avoidable cancer risk factors. 2007, 56 pages. (pdf 1.9MB)
  • Early Detection: How to implement effective early detection of major types of cancer that are amenable to early diagnosis and screening. 2007, 51 pages. (pdf 4.6MB)
  • Diagnosis and Treatment: How to implement effective cancer diagnosis and treatment particularly linked to early detection programs or curable cancers. 2008, 51 pages. (pdf 5.5MB)
  • Palliative Care: How to implement effective palliative care for cancer, with a particular focus on community-based care. 2007, 51 pages. (pdf 4MB)
  • Policy and Advocacy: How to advocate for policy development and effective program implementation of cancer control. 2008, 56 pages. (pdf 3.6MB)

National Cancer Control Programs - Policies and Managerial Guidelines: This monograph aims to provide a framework for the development of national cancer control programs. Its underlying approach is the application of science to public health practice, providing a concise statement of what is feasible and desirable in cancer prevention and control, with the ultimate goal of reducing cancer morbidity and mortality, and improving quality of life in the targeted population. It is intended primarily for policy makers in health and related fields, but will also be of interest to health ministries and academic institutions and, more generally, to oncologists and other health professionals who need to be aware of developments in cancer control.

3. Additional Cancer Publications

The Secretariat of the Pacific Community (SPC) SPC’s Public Health Program is dedicated to improving the health, wellbeing and future of all Pacific Islanders. PHP advocates a holistic approach to health, supports sustainable capacity development, and facilitates and promotes collaboration with partners. I invite you to explore the diverse activities of the SPC Public Health Programme through this website and encourage you to contact SPC if you would like to learn more.

Cancer Control Planning - Resources for Non-Governmental Organizations: Cancer control is a public health approach aimed at reducing the burden of cancer in a population. Planning integrated, evidence-based and cost-effective interventions across the cancer continuum (research, prevention, early detection, treatment, and palliative care) is the most effective way to tackle the cancer problem and reduce the suffering of patients and their families. Most countries have yet to begin a systematic national cancer planning effort. Where governments are concentrating on other immediate health priorities, non-governmental organizations (NGOs) can play a critically important role in increasing public and leadership awareness of the cancer problem and in developing effective partnerships to take on the responsibility of cancer planning.

  • International Union against Cancer (UICC), Geneva, 2006; 48 pages. (pdf 1.3MB)

World Cancer Declaration 2006, Report on Progress 2006-2008, Executive Summary: World Cancer Declaration calls for global commitment to make cancer control top social and political priority. Former US Surgeon General C Everett Koop joined public health, economic and business leaders from around the globe in a World Leaders Summit to discuss the need for government and non-governmental organizations to commit to take action on critical issues, including comprehensive cancer control plans and early detection program to eliminate the global cancer burden

  • International Union against Cancer (UICC). 8 pages. (pdf 200KB)

Manual on the Prevention and Control of Common Cancers: The manual aims to increase skills in the screening and early detection of cancer, encourage state-of-the-art treatment and ensure widespread availability of pain relief and palliative care. It also covers several effective preventive strategies, including tobacco control, promotion of healthy diet, infant vaccination against hepatitis B, and screening for the early detection of breast and cervical cancer.

  • WHO Regional Publications, Western Pacific Series, No. 20. 1998. 365 pages. (pdf 1MB)

Manual For Man on Cancer Prevention and Early Detection: It is very interesting manual for cancer prevention and early detection published by Irish Cancer Society.

  • Irish Cancer Society, 2005. 16 pages. (pdf 1MB)

Native Hawaiians and Pacific Islanders & Cancer: International Cancer Council (ICC) has published fact sheet - Native Hawaiian and Pacific Islander and cancer.  This fact sheet provides detailed stories and scenarios of the Native Hawaiian and Pacific Islanders and their exposure to cancer.

  • Intercultural Cancer Council (ICC). 4 pages. (pdf 90KB)

Addressing Chronic Disease through Community Health Workers (CHW):
A Policy and Systems-Level Approach

CDC, 2011. 20 pages.

Many of you regularly utilize community health workers although you may call then health assistants, outreach workers, etc. The downloadable PDF document below contains some good information and "evidence" from across the country that can help garner support for your efforts.

4. RCCC Resources

Comprehensive Cancer Control in the U.S.

Cancer in the US Affiliated Pacific Islands 2007 - 2012

Cancer Causes & Control, Volume 21, Number 12 / December 2010. pgs. 1965-2057.

Comprehensive Cancer Control in the United States: Progress and Opportunity

Leslie S. Given, Karin Hohman, Madeline La Porta, Lori Belle-Isle and Phyllis Rochester. 1 page.

Comprehensive Cancer Control: Progress and Accomplishments

Phyllis W. Rochester, Julie S. Townsend, Leslie Given, Hope Krebill and Sandra Balderrama, et al. 11 pages.

The CCC National Partnership: An Example of Organizations Collaborating on Comprehensive Cancer Control

Karin Hohman, Phyllis Rochester, Tom Kean and Lori Belle-Isle. 7 pages.

From Planning to Implementation to Outcomes: Comprehensive Cancer Control Implementation Building Blocks

Leslie S. Given, Karin Hohman, Lorrie Graaf, Phyllis Rochester and Lori Belle-Isle. 8 pages.

Models for Local Implementation of Comprehensive Cancer Control: Meeting Local Cancer Control Needs Through Community Collaboration

Bruce Behringer, Staci Lofton and Margaret L. Knight. 10 pages.

Revision of Comprehensive Cancer Control Plans: Experiences Shared by Three States

Polly Hager, Leslie Given, Jennifer Redmond and Kimberly Rogers. 9 pages.

Progress in Addressing Disparities Through Comprehensive Cancer Control

Armin D. Weinberg, Pamela M. Jackson, Christine A. DeCourtney, Kym Cravatt and Joanne Ogo, et al. 7 pages.

Comprehensive Cancer Control Programs and Coalitions: Partnering to Launch Successful Colorectal Cancer Screening Initiatives

Laura C. Seeff, Anne Major, Julie S. Townsend, Ellen Provost and Diana Redwood, et al. 9 pages.

Research and Comprehensive Cancer Control Coalitions

Cynthia Vinson, Madeline La Porta, William Todd, Neal A. Palafox and Katherine M. Wilson, et al. 8 pages.

Public Policy Action and CCC Implementation: Benefits and Hurdles

Carter Steger, Kelley Daniel, Gary L. Gurian, J. T. Petherick and Chris Stockmyer, et al. 8 pages.

In Conclusion: Looking to the Future of Comprehensive Cancer Control

Lori Belle Isle, Marcus Plescia, Madeline La Porta and Walter Shepherd. 9 pages.

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