Pacific Cancer Programs

Brain or Spine Cancer

There are two main types of brain cancer (also called: Glioma, Meningioma). Primary brain cancer starts in the brain. Metastatic brain cancer starts somewhere else in the body and moves to the brain. Brain tumors can be benign, with no cancer cells, or malignant, with cancer cells that grow quickly.

Brain tumors can cause many symptoms. Some of the most common are

  • Headaches, usually worse in the morning
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Changes in your ability to talk, hear or see
  • Problems with balance or walking
  • Problems with thinking or memory
  • Muscle jerking or twitching
  • Numbness or tingling in arms or legs

No one knows the exact causes of brain tumors. Doctors can seldom explain why one person develops a brain tumor and another does not.


National Cancer Institute (NCI)

More details, including medically graphic images, can be found at NCI. The website has up-to-date information for patients and practitioners about brain cancer.

MedlinePlus: Brain Cancer

MedlinePlus will direct you to information to help answer health questions. MedlinePlus brings together authoritative information from NLM, the National Institutes of Health (NIH), and other government agencies and health-related organizations. MedlinePlus also has extensive information about drugs, an illustrated medical encyclopedia, interactive patient tutorials, and latest health news.

The National Brain Tumor Society offers resources and caring support for everyone affected by brain tumors. It offers hope to patients, families, and caregivers during every stage of the treatment journey.

ASCO Answers: Brain Cancer

ASCO Answers is a series of fact sheets that provides an introduction to a specific type of cancer. Each fact sheet is a PDF that includes an overview of what the cancer is, an illustration of where the cancer starts, how it is treated, terms to know, and questions to ask the doctor.

Printed Materials to Download

This section has pdf (Adobe Acrobat format) files of useful resources created by various agencies that can be downloaded directly from the website. The organization, year of publication and size of the pdf file are listed.

"What You Need To Know About Brain Tumors"

In this NCI booklet you will read about possible causes, screening, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, and supportive care. You will also find ideas about how to cope with the disease. NCI 2006, 44 pages (pdf 468K).

ASCO Answers: Brain Tumor

ASCO Answers is a series of fact sheets that provides an introduction to a specific type of cancer. Each fact sheet is a PDF that includes an overview of what the cancer is, an illustration of where the cancer starts, how it is treated, terms to know, and questions to ask the doctor.

American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO) 2008. 2 pages.

Online Tools and Pacific Focus Resources

Asian and Pacific Islander Cancer Education Material (APICEM)

Provided by AANCART, the APICEM Tool provides links to Contributor’s web sites containing Asian or Pacific Islander cancer education materials. The materials referenced here have been screened by the contributing organizations/programs for medical accuracy and cultural relevance. The contributors remain solely responsible for the content of their materials. Please note that all materials remain copyrighted and property of the contributors providing them. They are made availableOn this page you find links and resources that can be useful in planning activities that are not exclusively focusing on cancer. Organizations that have a Pacific focus, or provide materials and tools for Pacific Islanders are featured as well. Please visit the respective organization for the up-to-date information.

Siteman Cancer Center: Lung Cancer - Your Disease Risk

This interactive tool estimates your risk of cancer and provides personalized tips for prevention. Anyone can use it, but it's most accurate for people age 40 and over who have never had any type of cancer.

Visuals Online from the National Cancer Institute

NCI Visuals Online contains images from the collections of the Office of Communications and Education and Office of Media Relations, National Cancer Institute. Contents include general biomedical and science-related images, cancer-specific scientific and patient care-related images, and portraits of directors and staff of the National Cancer Institute.

Use of Images. Except where noted on the image details page, Visuals Online images are in the public domain and may be used, linked, or reproduced without permission. If you use an image, you should credit the listed source and/or author.

The Curricula Organizer for Reproductive Health Education (CORE)

Note: you need internet access to use this resource. You can browse the CORE library and download PowerPoint slides for presentations that have been peer reviewed. The fastest way is to put "HPV" or "cervical cancer" in their search engine and see if it is of any use to you.

CORE is managed by the Association of Reproductive Health Professionals (ARHP) and is a collaborative effort of many organizations working to improve the quality and quantity of reproductive health information included in health professions education. The Curricula Organizer for Reproductive Health Education (CORE) is a collection of peer-reviewed, evidence-based teaching materials.

Use CORE to:
* Access up-to-date teaching materials on reproductive health topics
* Build your own curricula and other educational presentations
* Download activities, case studies, and other handouts for learners

The Pacific Island Health Officers Association (PIHOA)

PIHOA is dedicated to the health and well-being of the Pacific Island populations. PIHOA serves as a unifying voice and credible authority on issues of regional public health significance. Execution of this charge is attained through collaborative and cooperative efforts in capacity building, advocacy and policy development, to provide medical care, promote healthy lifestyles, prevent disease and injury, and protect the environment.

'Imi Hale -Native Hawaiian Cancer Network

A Community's Response to Cancer Prevention and Control. ‘Imi Hale is the "hale" (house) from which cancer research, education and awareness will be nurtured and developed through a concerted effort with community partners, and guided with the confidence that indigenous Hawaiians can reverse the negative effects of cancer and leave a powerful legacy and inheritance for future generations based on good health and well-being.

Asian American Network for Cancer Awareness, Research and Training (AANCART)

The Asian American Network for Cancer Awareness, Research and Training (AANCART) is a cooperative agreement between the National Cancer Institute (NCI) and the University of California, Davis. It is the first-ever national cancer awareness research and training infrastructure intended to address Asian American concerns.

Weaving an Islander Network for Cancer Awareness, Research, and Training (WINCART)

Weaving an Islander Network for Cancer Awareness, Research, and Training (WINCART) is a unique, collaborative, community participatory effort to reduce cancer health disparities among Pacific Islanders in Southern California. The WINCART network involves eight community-based agencies (Ainahau O Kaleponi Hawaiian Civic Association, Guam Communications Network, Orange County Asian Pacific Islander Community Alliance, Pacific Islander Health Partnership, Samoan National Nurses Association, Sons and Daughters of Guam Club, Tongan Community Service Center/Special Service for Groups, Inc., Union of Pan Asian Communities) along with researchers from five universities (California State University-Fullerton, University of Southern California, University of California-Irvine, University of California-Los Angeles, and University of California-Riverside). Together, we are working to promote community education, research and training for five of Southern California's Pacific Islander populations: Chamorros, Marshaleese, Native Hawaiians, Samoans, and Tongans.

Asian & Pacific Islander American Health Forum

The mission of APIAHF is to enable Asian Americans and Pacific Islanders to attain the highest possible level of health and well-being. It envisions a multicultural society where Asian American and Pacific Islander communities are included and represented in health, political, social and economic areas, and where there is social justice for all.

Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ)

AHRQ Mission: To improve the quality, safety, efficiency, and effectiveness of health care for all Americans.

Kokua Mau - Hawai‘i Hospice and Palliative Care Organization

Kōkua Mau is the state’s hospice and palliative care organization, and it is comprised of individual and organizational champions and supporters from hospitals, education, consumers, insurance, long term care and hospices. Our statewide non-profit organization strives to improve quality of life for people in Hawai‘i by promoting excellence in hospice, end-of-life care, palliative care and early advance care planning.

Research Tools

The INFO Project

Based at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health's Center for Communication Programs, envisions a world of interconnected communities where shared reproductive health information improves and saves lives. Our mission is to support health care decision-making in developing countries by providing global leadership in reproductive health knowledge management. Through collaborative approaches and the innovative use of sustainable technology, we:

  • Inform those who influence and improve health care and public health,...
  • Enhance the capacity of communities and organizations to obtain, adapt, and generate knowledge and best practices, and...
  • Connect communities, organizations, and individuals locally and globally to facilitate knowledge sharing and dialogue.The project receives support from the United States Agency for International Development (USAID).
  • Visit the Info Project.

RTIPs and Research Reviews

The Guide to Community Preventive Services evaluates the effectiveness of broad intervention categories through systematic research reviews. This site provides a consumer-reports-like list of programs that have been reviewed by a panel of topic experts in the field. Programs are rated on 16 criteria, for which six are reported, including dissemination capability; cultural appropriateness; age appropriateness; gender appropriateness; research integrity and intervention impact.

RITP is a satellite site of Cancer Control P.L.A.N.E.T. a Web portal as a collaborative effort aimed at providing access to data and resources that can help cancer control planners, health educators, program staff, and researchers design, implement, and evaluate evidence-based cancer control programs.

Quality Assurance and Improvement

Pacific Island Health Officers Association (PIHOA)

PIHOA is dedicated to the health and well-being of the Pacific Island populations. The links and documents on their website have been selected from a very large body of available materials about quality assurance (QA) and accreditation in health care, with the intention of including those that are especially useful for PIHOA members and their associates who are interested in building QA systems which fit with their local needs. The materials have been grouped into several sections.

Disclaimer: The Web site provides links to other Internet sites and pdf files for informational purposes and the convenience of its users. When users select a link to an external Web site, they are leaving the Web site and are subject to the privacy and security policies of the owners/sponsors of the external site. does not endorse organizations that sponsor linked, external Web sites. In addition, does not endorse products or services that such organizations may offer. Furthermore, does not control or guarantee the currency, accuracy, relevance, or completeness of information found on linked, external Web sites

Funding for this website was made possible by a cooperative agreement from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, through the following:
Pacific CEED, award #: 5U58DP000976,USAPI Community Health Interventions Project (CHIP), award #: 1U58DP005810,
Pacific Regional Central Cancer Registry, award #: 5U58DP003906; Regional Comprehensive Cancer Control Program, award #: U55/CCU923887.
The views expressed on this site do not necessarily reflect the official policies of the Department of Health and Human Services;
nor does mention of trade names, commercial practices, or organizations imply endorsement by them or the U.S. Government.
Funding Sources: PRCCR: #: 5U58DP003906  | Pacific REACH: #: 1U58DP005810 | RCCC: #: U55/CCU923887 

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